Hello everyone! I am Ana Ruiz and this week I am the translator. Which means that, this week I have collected the five most important concepts that we have used this week and I have defined each one.
Concept Map: A concept map is a diagram that represent relationships between concepts. It is a graphical tool that designers, engineers, technical writers, and others use to organize and to represent knowledge.
It shows ideas and information usually enclosed in circles or boxes of some type, and relationships between concepts indicated by a connecting line linking two concepts. Words on the line, referred to as linking words or linking phrases, specify the relationship between the two concepts. The technique for visualizing these relationships among different concepts is called concept mapping.
The difference between concept map and mind map is that a mind map is a technique for drawing information in diagrams, instead of writing it in sentences. The diagrams always take the same basic format of a tree, with a single starting point in the middle that branches out, and divides again and again. The tree is made up of words or short sentences connected by lines. The lines that connect the words are part of the meaning.
Education System: The term education system generally refers to kindergarten through high school programs. Systems of schooling involve institutionalized teaching and learning in relation to a curriculum, which itself is established according to a predetermined purpose of the schools in the system. School systems are sometimes also based on religions, giving them different curricula.
Simply put, an education system comprises everything that goes into educating public-school students at the federal, state, or community levels:
• Laws, policies, and regulations
• Public funding, resource allocations, and procedures for determining funding levels
• State and district administrative offices, school facilities, and transportation vehicles
• Human resources, staffing, contracts, compensation, and employee benefits
• Books, computers, teaching resources, and other learning materials
• And countless other contributing elements
Law: The term Law, does not have a universally accepted definition, but one definition is that law is a system of rules and guidelines which are applied through social institutions to govern behaviour.Laws can be made by legislatures through legislation (resulting instatutes), the executive through decrees and regulations, or judges through binding precedents (normally in common law jurisdictions). Private individuals can create legally binding contracts, including arbitration agreements that exclude the normal court process.
The formation of laws themselves may be influenced by a constitution and the rights encoded in it. The law shapes politics, economics, and society in various ways and serves as a mediator of relations between people.
Administration: This term is also referred to as business administration, is the management of an office, business, or organisation. It involves the efficient organisation of people, information, and other resources to achieve organisational objectives.Administration is the interpretation and implementation of the policy set by an organisation characterised by control. It can be appointed by the courts, the holder of the assets of a business or a company.
Governance: This term can be defined as the rule of the rulers, typically within a given set of rules. One might conclude that governance is the process – by which authority is conferred on rulers, by which they make the rules, and by which those rules are enforced and modified. Thus, understanding governance requires an identification of both the rulers and the rules, as well as the various processes by which they are selected, defined, and linked together and with the society generally.
It is also refers to "all processes of governing, whether undertaken by a government, market or network, whether over a family, tribe, formal or informal organization or territory and whether through laws, norms, power or language." It relates to processes and decisions that seek to define actions, grant power and verify performance.
I hope it could be useful!